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Lord's Day 7

20. Are all men, then, saved by Christ as they have perished in Adam?

No, only those who by true faith are ingrafted into Him and receive all His benefits1.

  1. But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. John 1:12,13 . For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. 1 Cor. 15:22 .

    Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, And you perish in the way, When His wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all those who put their trust in Him. Ps. 2:12.

    Well said. Because of unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear. Rom. 11:20 .

    For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He has said: “So I swore in My wrath, ‘They shall not enter My rest,’” although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. Heb. 4:2,3 .

    But we are not of those who draw back to perdition, but of those who believe to the saving of the soul. Heb. 10:39 .

 

21. What is true faith?

True faith is not only a sure knowledge, whereby I hold for truth all that God has revealed to us in His Word1, but also a hearty trust2, which the Holy Ghost3 works in me by the Gospel4, that not only to others, but to me also, forgiveness of sins, everlasting righteousness, and salvation are freely given by God5, merely of grace, only for the sake of Christ's merits6.

  1. But let him ask in faith, with no doubting, for he who doubts is like a wave of the sea driven and tossed by the wind. James 1:6 .
  2. Therefore it is of faith that it might be according to grace, so that the promise might be sure to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all (as it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations”) in the presence of Him whom he believed—God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did; who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, “So shall your descendants be.” Rom. 4:16-18 .

    Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Rom. 5:1 .
  3. And since we have the same spirit of faith, according to what is written, “I believed and therefore I spoke,” we also believe and therefore speak. 2 Cor. 4:13 .

    For I know that this will turn out for my deliverance through your prayer and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ ... For to you it has been granted on behalf of Christ, not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for His sake. Phil. 1:19,29 .
  4. For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. Rom. 1:16 .

    So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Rom. 10:17 .
  5. Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it the elders obtained a good testimony. Heb. 11:1,2 .

    For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.” Rom. 1:17 .
  6. That in the ages to come He might show the exceeding riches of His grace in His kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast. Eph. 2:7-9 .

    Being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed. Rom. 3:24,25 .

    Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified. Gal. 2:16

    * To Him all the prophets witness that, through His name, whoever believes in Him will receive remission of sins.” Acts 10:43 .

 

22. What, then, is necessary for a Christian to believe?

All that is promised us in the Gospel1, which the articles of our catholic, undoubted Christian faith teach us in summary.

  1. But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name. John 20:31 .

    "Teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen. Matt. 28:20 .

    * For prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. 2 Pet. 1:21 .

    * And that from childhood you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 2 Tim. 3:15 .

 

23. What are these articles?

I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.

And in Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son, our Lord: who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; He descended into hell; the third day He rose from the dead; He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting.

 

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