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Lord's Day 5

12. Since, then, by the righteous judgment of God we deserve temporal and eternal punishment, how may we escape this punishment and be again received into favor?

God wills that His justice be satisfied1; therefore, we must make full satisfaction to that justice, either by ourselves or by another2.

  1. You shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me. Ex. 20:5.

    Keep yourself far from a false matter; do not kill the innocent and righteous. For I will not justify the wicked. Ex. 23:7.
  2. For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. Rom. 8:3,4 .

 

13. Can we ourselves make this satisfaction?

Certainly not; on the contrary we daily increase our guilt1.

  1. “Truly I know it is so, But how can a man be righteous before God? If one wished to contend with Him, He could not answer Him one time out of a thousand." Job 9:2,3 .

    If God puts no trust in His saints, And the heavens are not pure in His sight, How much less man, who is abominable and filthy, Who drinks iniquity like water! Job 15:15,16 .

    And forgive us our debts, As we forgive our debtors. Matt. 6:12 .

    * For what profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? Matt. 16:26 .

 

14. Can any mere creature make satisfaction for us?

None; for first, God will not punish any other creature for the sin which man committed1 and further, no mere creature can sustain the burden of God's eternal wrath against sin2 and redeem others from it.

  1. Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. For indeed He does not give aid to angels, but He does give aid to the seed of Abraham. Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. For in that He Himself has suffered, being tempted, He is able to aid those who are tempted. Heb. 2:14-18 .
  2. If You, LORD, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand? Ps. 130:3.

 

15. What kind of mediator and redeemer, then, must we seek?

One who is a true1 and righteous man2 and yet more powerful than all creatures, that , one who is also true God.

  1. For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive ... For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet. The last enemy that will be destroyed is death. 1 Cor. 15:21,22 ,25,26.
  2. In those days Judah will be saved, And Jerusalem will dwell safely. And this is the name by which she will be called: THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. Jer. 33:16 .

    He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, For He shall bear their iniquities. Isa. 53:11 .

    For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. 2 Cor. 5:21 .

    And it is yet far more evident if, in the likeness of Melchizedek, there arises another priest who has come, not according to the law of a fleshly commandment, but according to the power of an endless life. Heb. 7:15,16 .
  3. Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel. Isa. 7:14 .

    For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who isholy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens. Heb. 7:26 .
 

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